Spine Surgery Treatment
The spine or backbone is one of the most important parts of our body. It is the central support system of the body. The spinal column is a complex structure of interconnected muscles, tendons, bones, discs, nerves, and ligaments. It helps us to sit, stand, twist, bend, and walk. It aids in the upright posture, absorb shock, and balance of the body.
These days, due to sedentary life style, long commute, desk work and several other reasons, conditions like a disc bulge and spondylitis have become very common, even among youngsters. Given the complexity of the spine its number of components, the chances of developing spine related ailments are increased.
Cervical discectomy and Fusion
In cervical radiculopathy, or “pinched nerve,” the nerves that come from the neck to the upper limb get compressed. The nerve compression is caused by bulging discs and herniations. When the vertebrae start coming closer to each other, the body responds by forming more bones called ‘spurs’. The spurs block the foramen. Cervical radiculopathy is corrected through cervical odiscectomy and fusion.
The inadequate function of the spinal cord due to compression by bone outgrowths (spondylosis), large disc herniations, or ossification of ligaments (bone tissue formation) is called cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Cervical laminectomy is the surgical procedure performed when the decompression of the spinal cord is in its extremity. Laminectomy is performed to increase the space in the spinal canal for the spinal cord and nerve roots.
The vertebrae are the most integral part of the spine. They are responsible for free movement of the spine and to protect the spinal cord and nerves. These interconnections are made up of invertebral discs and facet joints. People who have slipped or protruding discs develop back pain or leg pain. When the slipped disc puts pressure on the spinal nerve, the condition is called sciatica.
Lumbar discectomy can be performed anywhere along the spine from the neck to the lower back. The surgeon accesses the damaged disc from the posterior (back) of the spine through a micro-incision to remove the prolapsed or slipped disc portion from the spinal canal. Hence, this surgery relieves the pressure on the spinal nerve.
Lumbar Fusion – TLIF, PLIF
Spondylolysis is a medical condition where there is a defect or a fracture on a vertebral bone. In the spinal canal, the fifth lumbar vertebra and fourth lumbar vertebra are the common locations where spondylolysis is detected. The main idea behind the surgical treatment of spondylolysis is to prevent slipping of the vertebra and to relieve the spinal nerve pressure. Posterior Instrumentation and Fusion, and Transforaminal or Posterior Lumbar Inter-body Fusion (PLIF) are surgical procedures that fix this condition.
coccydynia is also called “tailbone pain”. The coccyx is a small triangular bone located at the bottom of the spinal column. It can get bruised or fractured. This is called Coccydynia. The coccyx is made up of three to five vertebrae inter-connected to each other. The ligaments, muscles, and tendons connect to it.
The treatment of coccydynia involves physical rehabilitation such as stretching of pelvic and lower back muscles, posture improvement, reducing sitting time, hot bath to relax muscles, you can get pain relief by using coclyx pillow.
We give injections at coccyx region to relive to pain, which are safe to the patient.